Speaking in the Togolese capital Lome on Monday, Mahamat stressed that these have their roots in poor governance and lack of opportunities for young people.
“Our security challenges are terrorism, armed rebellions, and maritime piracy, the persistence of all kinds of trafficking and uncontrolled migration” Mahamat told the opening of the ECOWAS-ECCAS joint summit which focuses mainly on peace and security in the two sub-regions.
Among the vectors of insecurity for the continent, Mahamat listed climate change, citing the ever shrinking Lake Chad and the silting up of the Niger River, the lack of opportunities for youth, and the feeling of exclusion and weak governance.
“Therefore, we must commend the multinational joint force, the G5-Sahel, the steps against maritime piracy that translate as a strong political will” said the AU chairperson, stressing the need to adopt a holistic approach that not only takes into account the security aspect, but also and above all the underlying causes of terrorism and conflict.
Meeting for one day, the leaders of the two sub-regional organizations will discuss security before adopting a declaration defining a common approach to peace, security, stability and the fight against terrorism and violent extremism.