“This standing, I am sure, is a source of satisfaction for OMVS Chairman, President Macky Sall of Senegal, but also for the other heads of state of the organization’s member countries. It makes us proud and rewards the vision of the OMVS founding fathers,” OMVS High Commissioner, Hamed Diane Semega said.
He was speaking to reporters before receiving officials of the Strategic Foresight Group (SFG), the group of experts who initiated the report on the Water Cooperation Quotient.
“This distinction also highlights a challenge we face given that climate change has weakened our river, whose ecosystem is also threatened. Nevertheless, OMVS is doing better and will be better thanks to the vision of its founding fathers” Semega added.
The report on Water Cooperation Quotient, written by Strategic Foresight Group in early 2015, is based on a comparative study of 148 countries, 219 shared river basins, and 6 aquifers to determine their degree of water-centered cooperation.
Of the 148 countries covered, 27 of them have not reached a significant degree of cooperation with their neighbours.
These countries are therefore faced with the risk of conflict.
It analyzes the relationship between water and world peace and argues that while sharing such resources can be a source of conflict, it can also serve to build strong cooperation and lasting peace.
In this study, SFG has developed a new tool, the Water Cooperation Quotient, which is used to determine and quantify the extent of cooperation between two or more countries with shared watercourses.
It is calculated on a scale of 0 to 100 (100 being the best score), according to ten parameters or indicators integrating existing cooperation mechanisms (bilateral or multilateral) at the level of countries and shared watercourses.
The legal, political, technical, environmental, economic and institutional aspects were taken into account by the authors of the study, whose parameters were defined from the experience of basin organizations that are cited all over the world for having successfully implemented cooperative actions around water.